Periodization of Prehistory Time based on Peoples Life Characteristics – Human beings are living things that live communally and have organisms that are biologically different from and weaker than those of animals.
However, the human brain evolves farthest compared with other beings. The ability of the human brain to think enables them to sort the actions that can benefit their survival.
In keeping the continuity of their life, humans create cultures and society because basically, human beings cannot live alone, but they have to live in groups. People’s life in pre-historic time was divided into 3 periods:
1. Hunting and food collecting period
In this period, humans were still physically limited in their efforts to cope with natural conditions. The low thinking ability of humans at that time forced them to keep moving from one place to another and depend on nature to live, that is by hunting and collecting food.
2. Cropping period
In this period, the thinking ability of humans had developed, so they made efforts to prepare food stock for a certain period. As part of the efforts, people started to grow groups and did not merely depend on nature.
3. Craftsmanship period
People already knew some techniques for processing metal in this period. Metal processing needed special expertise. The job to process the metal to make certain things were called craftsmanship, and the person who was an expert in doing it was called a craftsman.